Data Analysis of Boston Qualifier Questionnaire Part IV: Crosstraining

A little less than half of BQ(Q) responses did any any form of cross training. But what about those that did? Lets take a look.

cross training

 

image (5)

 

Many of the respondents to the BQ(Q) survey were not only runners, but triathletes, so no surprise that, along with strength training, swimming and cycling come in with the most responses. As a bit of a triathlete myself, I’m glad to see that one can do more than run and still qualifying.

If I could do the whole BQ(Q) experience over again, I’d love to have asked more questions from the beginning. One of them would have been “what kind of strength training”? We really don’t know. Some people said bodyweight work (and I made that a separate category) but for most of the respondents, I have no idea if strength training meant deadlifts or barbell curls. If you’re a runner with a BQ, who does strength training, tell us in the comments what your program looks like.

For futher analysis of the respondents to the survey, check out this page. 

Data Analysis of Boston Qualifier Questionnaire Part III: Speed Work

speed work

We know that most (over 84%!) of the BQ respondents did speed work as part of their training, but what kind of speed work? Let’s find out:

image (4)

 Some runners did 800 repeats, quite a few did mile repeats, but tempo runs was the most common workout with marathon pace runs But broadly speaking, the theme seems to be longer efforts. This makes sense to me for the length of a marathon effort improving the upper end of your aerobic ability seems keys. I’ll definitely be working these kind of efforts into my training.

 Want some inspiration? Here’s Meb on a 12 mile tempo run. Yours may be slightly slower.

Another note on the data is appropriate here. Many people who said they did speed work, didn’t tell us what kind, and people used different nomenclature for similar workouts. I lumped together workouts like “tempo run” with “lactate threshold runs” and 800 repeats with Yasso 800s. I realize there may be some difference here, and am open to doing this in a different way. Please comment with your thoughts.

 

Data Analysis of the Boston Qualfier Questionnaire Part II: Training Programs

As we discussed elsewhere, slightly less than half of the runners who have participated in the BQ(Q) used a “canned” training program. Today, I’d like to quickly note what programs those were, and how popular they were relatively.

canned program

Respondents used a variety of different programs in getting to a BQ, sixteen different programs, in fact. However, while a wide variety of programs were used, a couple of well-known programs were used much more frequently than the others.

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No surprise, Hal Higdon’s and Pete Pfitzinger’s Advanced Marathoning – 2nd Edition programs rose to the top of the list with Pfitzinger’s 18/55 program being by far the most popular.

Interestingly, the third most popular was the low mileage Run Less, Run Faster  / FIRST programs. With 7 respondents using the program, I’m not sure how statistically relevant it is, but it is worth noting that these runners ran significantly less than other respondents averaging only 1,220 miles in the year before their BQ, while respondents as a whole average more like 1,750. Three out of the four were also women.

As more responses come in, I hope this data set gets more robust, and we can see if any other running program challenges the big two.

 

Data Analysis of the Boston Qualifier Questionnaire Part I: Overview

About five years ago, I started asking random strangers on the internet how they qualified for the Boston Marathon. Incredibly, over 125 people have responded with more coming in all the time. If you want to take part, fill out the online form here. 

Since the beginning, people have been asking that the information be put into a format which would allow them to look at the information in the aggregate.

OK, well, here it is. – the Boston Qualifier Questionnaire Spreadsheet.

At this link you will find all the responses to the questionnaire in what I hope is an easily usable format*. From here on out, I’ll be updating this with new responses, and additional data, so check back regularly if this is your kind of thing. If you want to see all the individual responses, they’re here.

Below I provide some basic info gleaned from the results. However, I’m not statistician. Indeed, I was once told to not pursue a masters in economics because my math skills are so poor. So, I’d be curious to see what others can do with the information and would be appreciative of anyone who catches errors. If you plan to use the information in the spreadsheet for any project, please credit miloandthecalf.com. Please contact me at miloandthecalf@gmail.com if you plan to feature a particular runner’s story.

The Vitals.

I asked participants in the survey for some basic biological facts, including their height and weight. Runners came in all shapes and sizes from huge, like Michael H, to small, like Laura S. With the variety of body types, it’s helpful to look at this visually:

BQQ weight height (all)

Height chart

If we can generalize, however, BQ runners tend to be lighter (for their height) than the average American and slightly shorter.

The average weight for male respondents was 157 pounds. The average height, 5’8”. For comparison, the average American male is (allegedly, these statistics may be inaccurate) two inches taller (5’10) thirty three pounds heavier (190 pounds).

The story is similar for women — remarkably so in the weight differential. The average respondent is roughly 5’4” and weighs 125.4 pounds. By comparison, the average American woman is one inch taller (5’ 5”), and weighs about 33 pounds more (159 pounds).

On a personal note, I’m six feet tall and currently weigh about 175 pounds. That puts me about fifteen pounds heavier than the average six foot respondent. Clearly, I have work to do on the weight front.

Training

Alright, enough height and weight. Let’s get down to what really matters — the training.

Years spent running, ands total lifetime mileage, vary widely and are probably best represented visually:

years v mileage

As you can see, most runners had been running for less than six years before they first qualified, and had run less than ten thousand miles when they qualified. Of course, there are outliers, like pro-runner Sage Canady, who’d been running a relatively short amount of time, but racked up some serious miles, or John who’d been running for over twenty years before he qualified.

For mileage in the year before the race, there appears to be a fair amount of consistency across the responses. Almost no runners ran under 1,000 miles, and few ran above 2,500. The average is the difficult, but not unreasonable, standard of 1,750 miles.

On a personal note, the only year I ran that much was the year I set my marathon PR. Clearly, mileage matters.

No surprise that for most of us, it takes more than miles to qualify. The vast majority (84% of those who answered the question) say that speed work played a role. I’ll get into what kind of speed work people used in this post.

speed work

While the vast majority of respondents used speed work in their training, the majority of runners (about 60%) didn’t use a canned program. I get into a bit more detail regarding training plans in this post. 

canned program

Similarly, the majority (64%) of runners didn’t run with a coach or club, nor did they engage in cross training.For the 43% who did cross train, I get into what type of exercise they used in this post.

cross training

Finally, when I started doing this, I wondered if there was a correlation between a background in running, such as those afforded by high school and college teams, and getting a BQ. As this is still a small, and self-selected group, it’s hard to know. But what we do know is that the majority (63%) of respondents did not run either in college or high school.

run in college

Some quick takeaways.

What can we take away from these results? Here are some initial thoughts, most of which are obvious. I’ll be curious to hear your thoughts in the comments.

  • You need to put in the miles – very, very few of the respondents did this on low mileage.
  • You need to do speed work – similarly, the vast majority of runners utilized some form of speed work.
  • People with lots of different body weights and compositions can BQ, but Boston Marathon Qualifiers tends to be lighter than the average American.
  • Getting a BQ happened to most respondents early in their running lives, usually after having run only for five or so years, and less than 10,000 miles.

There’s a lot more to mine in this data, and as the data base grows, I hope the results become more representative of the variety of people who’ve run a BQ. I’ll be doing some additional crunching of the numbers in the days to come. If you do some crunching of your own, get in touch so I can share the results.

A note on the data

The spreadsheet collects data self-reported by runners who answered the Boston Qualifier Questionnaire. Respondents were asked to tell us about their first BQ. Many of these runners likely BQ’ed again later in their running career. In cases where respondents did not answer a question, I left it blank. In cases where respondents gave a range for an answer, I picked the middle point (i.e. if a runner said they ran between 1,500 and 2,000 miles in a year, I picked 1,750).

Additionally, it’s important to remember that this is a self-selecting group of runners. The majority of respondents to the survey found out about it through an internet forum or article online. They skew young (over a third of the respondents are 30 or under) and the vast majority of respondents (in fact, 75%) are men.

If you see any errors, please get in touch: miloandthecalf@gmail.com

Thanks: I’d like to give an enormous thank you to Jon W, my pal Matt T, and BQ(Q) contributor and legit math genius Bob H for their help in putting this together. I absolutely could not have done this without them.